Also known as dextrose and grape sugar

What it is:

Glucose is a monosaccharide. It is an important nutrient, and it is the major energy source for brain cells. The human body can store a certain amount of glucose as glycogen, and of course, excess glucose can be converted to fat.

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Glucose has a clean sweet taste. It is about 70% as sweet as sucrose on a weight basis.

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Glucose, like all sugars, provides approximately 4 calories per gram.

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Glucose has high water solubility. In food products, glucose provides bulk and binds moisture.

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Glucose is a major energy source in the human body. It is the primary energy source for brain cells. Glucose can be stored in the body as glycogen, a glucose polymer. Excess glucose can, of course, be converted to fat.
Glucose is of particular concern to diabetics, who are less able to move excess glucose out of the blood. A high blood glucose level can lead to tissue damage via non-specific glycation (attachment of glucose to proteins in a random manner).

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Other information

Glucose is a component of sucrose. Starch, glycogen, and cellulose are composed of long chains of glucose molecules. Glucose is the primary product of photosynthesis in plants.

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